Brief History of the Royal National Park Sydney
The Royal National Park on the southern border of Sydney, New South Wales Australia, is Australia’s first National Park and after Yellowstone in the U.S.A. was the second National Park to be established in the world.
The park was originally named The National Park but this was changed in 1955 after a quick visit by Queen Elizabeth II to the Royal National Park.
It was created as a people’s park in 1879. Only 32km from the city centre of Sydney it is ideally located for Sydney locals and tourists alike to escape the pressures of the big city and relax in natural Australian bush, forest and coastal surroundings. The park covers an area of 132 sq km.
National Park Bush walking & Hiking
There are many walking tracks in the Sydney Royal National Park and ample access points to reach them. The diversity of the terrain offers a great way of getting to know the real Australia from clifftops to the coast.
Getting to Royal National Park Sydney NSW Australia
The Royal National Park is readily accessible. There are four railway stations (Engadine, Waterfall, Heathcote and Loftus) with nearby access to the Royal National Park walking tracks.
By car the park is just off the Princes Highway and if you are planning on seeing a large part of the park then a car will make it easier. There is also a ferry service that runs from Cronulla to Bundeena at the northen boundary of the Royal National Park.
Staying in the Royal National Park
Camping is possible in the Royal National Park, for more information…
Sydney’s Royal National Park Flora
The Royal National Park is open everyday of the year, except during times of extreme fire danger when the park may be closed. (However please note that the access roads down to Wattamolla and Garie Beach are closed to vehicular traffic at 8:30pm until early morning.)
The park covers a wide range of ecosystems from sheltered rainforest areas to windswept clifftop heaths, so it is advisable to bring clothing suitable for all weather conditions.
Although small when compared to other Australian National Parks, the Royal National Park has a lot to offer. In addition to the heathed areas and the rainforest, there are wetland areas and Eucalypt forests.
Royal National Park Australia Fauna
Animal lovers will not be disappointed. 43 species of native mammals have been recorded in the Royal National Park and no less than 241 species of birds of which 140 are resident.
The Royal National Park Sydney is also home to over 70 types of reptiles and amphibians. Care should be taken when walking in the park as the reptiles include brown snakes, death adders, tiger snakes and red-bellied black snakes which are all venemous.
Some of the Australian wildlife is very rare, such as the nearly extinct Land Snail (meridolum corneovirens) and the Powerful Owl (Australia’s largest owl) which is under threat of extinction.
The National Parks and Wildlife Service has a volunteer service where members of the public are able to help in locating species and building a better understanding of the Australian Royal National Parks environment.